Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Includes full-score musical examples from works by Berlioz, Mozart, Beethoven, Wagner, and others. Music Books | Music History and Theory – Books on Music; /; Treatise on Instrumentation By: Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Hector ioned.

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The piccolo can be effective in quiet passages, and it is a misconception to believe that it can only play very loud. An imperceptible movement of the arm, an unsuspected emotion on the part of the player, might produce no noticeable effect when played by a single violin.

When used in isolation or in groups of two, three, or four, it is strikingly the timbre of horns, trombones, and brass instruments in general that marries best with them. Among percussion instruments of indeterminate pitch it is without doubt the bass drum that has caused the greatest havoc and introduced most nonsense and vulgarity in modern music. In particular it would have an incalculable melodic, expressive and rhythmic power, a penetrating force like no other, a prodigious sensitivity in all nuances whether in ensemble or in detail.

In the Symphonie Fantastique the cymbals are used only at the very end of the 4th and 5th movements the last chord. Almost at once a new kind of pedantry arose: These cause each key to sound both the fundamental note and the octave or double octave of the note, or the double octave without the octave, or even the octave above and the octave below simultaneously. On the contrary, that is the pointin everything and everywhere. Even then it would be very difficult to bring together in Paris voices of any quality; at the moment the study of singing there is neither very widespread nor very advanced.

Nevertheless it is always written in tutti passages without any regard for its tonal character, because it is then submerged in the ensemble and the distinctive quality of its timbre can no longer be identified. But a careful study will reveal that it possesses an expressiveness of its own, and is well suited to rendering some feelings which no other instrument can match.

Viola players were always recruited from among rejected violin players. Visit Virtual Sheet Music to learn more The tone of the cellos then acquires a very rounded and pure quality without ceasing to predominate.

Hector Berlioz’s Treatise on instrumentation and orchestration

The lower notes of the oboe, which sound ugly when exposed, may be suitable in certain harmonies of an eerie and sorrowful character, when played together with the lower notes of clarinets and the low D, E, F and G of the flutes and the cor anglais. I promise to use it only to send you Viola News!.


My library Help Advanced Book Search. I have said that the horn is a noble and melancholy instrument, and this is true despite those joyful hunting fanfares that are often mentioned. It might join in an ensemble piece, in a very large orchestra, but only to enhance gradually the power of a strong rhythm which has already been established, and which is gradually reinforced by successive entries of the most sonorous instruments. High-pitched bells, on the other hand, give rise to more peaceful impressions; there is something rustic and artless about them which make them particularly suitable for religious scenes from country life.

Three trombones poorly used will seem noisy and unbearable, while a moment later, in the same hall, twelve trombones will astonish the public through their noble and powerful harmony.

A distinction must be drawn between theatre orchestras and concert orchestras. There is a common prejudice that large orchestras are noisy.

There were those who insisted that most of the time the melody should only be accompanied by a bass, and that the listener should have the satisfaction of supplying himself tdeatise notes missing from the chords.

The majority of orchestras nowadays still only have one pair of timpani, the largest of which is reserved for the lower note.

tgeatise Whereas massed brass instruments in great military symphonies evoke the idea of a warlike band in shining armour, marching on to glory or to death, the numerous unisons of clarinets playing with them seem to represent the loved women, proud-eyed and deeply passionate, who, stirred by the sound of arms sing as they fight, and crown the victors or perish with the vanquished. Assuming a composer had such resources at his disposal, treatse a vast hall organised for this purpose by an architect versed in acoustics and music, he would need to determine precisely before starting work the treaise and layout of this huge orchestra, instrumentatiion then keep them always in mind while composing.

With an indefinite pitch and which only produce sounds with various characteristics. Beethoven, 7th Symphony, 2nd movement, bars To insist, as some virtuoso players do, in transposing and playing everything on the B flat clarinet, is therefore with rare exceptions a betrayal on the part of the player.

Since each of these instruments has its own special character it is at least likely that the composer chose one rather another because he preferred this particular timbre, and not through any caprice. They give a velvety and dark timbre to the timpani, which gives excellent definition to the sound, and makes the pitch easier to hear.

There were fanatics of melody, for whom every piece of music with more than three parts was unbearable. The treatise is illustrated with a wealth of musical examples taken partly from Berlioz himself, but for the most part from the works of previous composers, especially GluckBeethoven and Weberand a few contemporaries, notably Meyerbeer ; a list of these is given elsewhere on this site.


The notes, chords and arpeggios that they project across the orchestra and the chorus have exceptional splendour. Hector BerliozRichard Strauss.

It may be instrumentatiin to combine the organ with the different elements that build up the orchestra, and this has been done several times.

Treatise on Instrumentation

This makes them suitable for compositions of a funereal or awe-inspiring character. Its task is therefore not to reinforce the double-basses, with which its timbre does not blend in any way.

The percussion instruments together with the wind instruments. Maybe it was just because of this reason that he was always very curious and imaginative about the endless possibilities offered by all instruments. This is an essential precondition for achieving the best possible results and calculating with sureness the intended effects. We mentioned that the clarinet has four registers; each of these has its distinctive timbre.

Whatever the effect of this new modulation, it was severely censured by the masters. It can be assumed that it is highly important in using such a vast mass of players to take into account the distance or the proximity of the different groups that make it up. It is less agile than the ophicleide, but its tone is powerful and its range in the lower part is the most extensive available in the whole orchestra.

In the case of drums, bass drums, cymbals and timpani, for example, if they are used all at once to play certain rhythms in the commonplace manner, they can remain grouped together.

The composer must always be careful to indicate the duration he wishes to give to cymbal strokes that are followed by a rest.

Treatise On Instrumentation

An overview of how the orchestra functions as a whole and its development throughout history. Buy Hector Berlioz’s Treatise on instrumentation. Let us say immediately that the same is true of the instrumentahion of wind instruments.

Beethoven used it in the finale of his C minor symphony and in that of the Choral Symphony. This is done by suspending a number of hangings treatide concentrating at this point materials that are suitable for intercepting the sound waves.

In such a context the sound of the piano has a delightful charm, full of calm and freshness, and is the very image of grace.